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Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Walmart), incorporated in October 1969, operates retail stores in various formats around globally. Everyday low prices (EDLP) is the Company’s pricing philosophy under, which it price items at a low price everyday. The Company’s operates in three business segments: the Walmart U.S. segment, the Walmart International segment, and the Sam’s Club segment. During the fiscal year ended January 31, 2012 (fiscal 2012), its Walmart U.S. segment accounted for approximately 60% of its net sales and operates retail stores in various formats in all 50 states in the United States and Puerto Rico, as well as Walmart’s online retail operations, walmart.com. Its Walmart International segment consists of retail operations in 26 countries. During fiscal 2012, this segment generated approximately 28% of its net sales. The Walmart International segment includes a range of formats of retail stores, restaurants, Sam’s Clubs and online retail operations, which operate outside the United States. Its Sam’s Club segment consists of membership warehouse clubs operated in 47 states in the United States and Puerto Rico, as well as the segment’s online retail operations, samsclub.com. During 2012, Sam’s Club accounted for approximately 12% of its net sales.
The Company is engaged in the operation of: retail stores located throughout the United States; its wholly owned subsidiaries in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan and the United Kingdom; its majority owned subsidiaries in Chile, Mexico, 12 countries in Africa, and five countries in Central America, and its joint ventures in India and the People’s Republic of China and other controlled subsidiaries in People’s Republic of China. The Walmart U.S. segment includes the Company’s mass merchant concept under the Walmart or Wal-Mart brand, as well as walmart.com. The Walmart International segment consists of the Company’s operations outside of the United States. The Sam’s Club segment includes the warehouse membership clubs in the United States, as well as samsclub.com.
Walmart U.S. Segment
As a mass merchandiser of consumer products, the Walmart U.S. segment operates retail stores in all 50 states and Puerto Rico, with supercenters in 48 states and Puerto Rico, discount stores in 45 states and Puerto Rico and Neighborhood Markets and other small store formats in 18 states and Puerto Rico. Supercenters range in size from 78,000 square feet to 260,000 square feet, with an average size of approximately 182,000 square feet. Its discount stores range in size from 30,000 square feet to 219,000 square feet, with an average size of approximately 106,000 square feet. Neighborhood Markets and other small formats range in size from 3,000 square feet to 64,000 square feet, with an average size of approximately 38,000 square feet. Customers can also purchase a range of merchandise and services online atwww.walmart.com.
Walmart U.S. does business in six merchandise units, including grocery, entertainment, health and wellness, apparel and home, across a range of store formats, including supercenters, discount stores, Neighborhood Markets and other small store formats. Grocery consists of a range of grocery items, including meat, produce, deli, bakery, dairy, frozen foods, alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages, floral and dry grocery, as well as consumables, such as health and beauty aids, baby products, household chemicals, paper goods and pet supplies. Entertainment contains electronics, toys, cameras and supplies, photo processing services, cellular phones, cellular service plan contracts and prepaid service and books. Hardlines consist of stationery, automotive accessories, hardware and paint, sporting goods, fabrics and crafts and seasonal merchandise. Health and wellness includes pharmacy and optical services. Apparel includes apparel for women, girls, men, boys and infants, shoes, jewelry and accessories. Home includes home furnishings, housewares and small appliances, bedding, home decor, outdoor living and horticulture. The Walmart U.S. segment also offers financial services and related products, including money orders, wire transfers, check cashing and bill payment. It also markets a range of merchandise under its private-label store brands, including Canopy, Equate, Everstart, Faded Glory, George, Great Value, Hometrends, Mainstays, Marketside, No Boundaries, Ol’ Roy, Ozark Trail, Parent’s Choice, Prima Della, Puritan, Spring Valley and White Stag. The Company also markets lines of merchandise under licensed brands, which include Better Homes & Gardens, Danskin Now, Disney, General Electric, Just My Size, OP, Rival and Starter. It accepts a range of payment methods, including cash, check, debit and credit cards, electronic benefits transfer cards, a private-label store credit card issued by a third-party provider and online payments through PayPal. In addition, its pharmacy and optical departments accept payments for products and services through its customers’ health benefit plans.
Walmart International Segment
The Company’s Walmart International segment is consisted of its wholly owned subsidiaries operating in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, and the United Kingdom; its majority owned subsidiaries operating in Chile, Mexico, 12 countries in Africa and five countries in Central America; its joint ventures in China and India and its other controlled subsidiaries in China. Walmart International operates units under approximately 70 banners in a range of formats, including discount stores, supermarkets, supercenters, hypermarkets, Websites, warehouse clubs, restaurants, and apparel stores. Also, on a limited basis, its Walmart International segment operates banks, which provide consumer lending. Walmart International has a portfolio with approximately 70 banners, represented in three categories: retail, wholesale and other. Retail centers range in size from 8,900 square feet to 110,000 square feet. Its wholesale stores range in size from 35,000 square feet to 70,000 square feet. Other, including restaurants in Chile, Japan and Mexico, range in size from under 1,000 square feet to 4,200 square feet. It accepts a range of payment methods, including cash, check, debit and credit cards, private-label store credit cards issued by third-party providers, and in Canada, Chile and Mexico, credit cards issued by its subsidiaries.
Sam’s Club Segment
As a membership club warehouse, facility sizes for Sam’s Clubs range between 71,000 and 190,000 square feet, with an average size of approximately 134,000 square feet. Sam’s Club also provides its members with a range of merchandise and services online at www.samsclub.com. Sam’s Club offers merchandise, including hardgoods, some softgoods and selected private-label items, such as Member’s Mark and three brands, Artisan Fresh, Daily Chef and Simply Right, in five merchandise categories, including, grocery and consumables; fuel and other categories; technology, office and entertainment; home and apparel, and health and wellness within the warehouse club format. Grocery and consumables includes dairy, meat, bakery, deli, produce, dry, chilled or frozen packaged foods, alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages, floral, snack foods, candy, other grocery items, health and beauty aids, paper goods, laundry and home care, baby care, pet supplies and other consumable items. Fuel and other categories consist of gasoline stations, tobacco, tools and power equipment, and tire and battery centers. Technology, office and entertainment includes electronics, wireless, software, video games, movies, books, music, office supplies, office furniture and photo processing. Home and apparel includes home improvement, outdoor living, grills, gardening, furniture, apparel, jewelry, housewares, toys, seasonal items, mattresses and small appliances. Health and wellness includes pharmacy and optical services and over-the-counter drugs. Sam’s Clubs are membership only operations. A range of payment methods are accepted at its clubs, including cash, check, debit cards, certain types of credit cards and private label and co-branded Discover credit cards, issued by a third-party provider. In addition, its pharmacy and optical departments accept payments for products and services through its members’ health benefit plans. Sam’s Club Plus is a premium membership program, which offers additional benefits and services to both Business and Advantage Members.