United Technologies Corporation (UTC), incorporated in 1934, provides high technology products and services to the building systems and aerospace industries worldwide. The Company operates in six segments: Otis, Carrier, UTC Fire & Security, Pratt & Whitney, Hamilton Sundstrand and Sikorsky. Otis, Carrier and UTC Fire & Security (collectively referred to as the commercial businesses) serve customers in the commercial, government infrastructure and residential property sectors worldwide. Carrier also serves commercial, industrial, transport refrigeration and food service equipment customers. Pratt & Whitney, Hamilton Sundstrand and Sikorsky (collectively referred to as the aerospace businesses) primarily serves commercial and government customers in both the original equipment and aftermarket parts and services markets of the aerospace industry. Hamilton Sundstrand, Pratt & Whitney and UTC Fire & Security also serve customers in certain industrial markets. In September 2011, the Company sold Chubb Guarding Services Singapore Pte Ltd. In February 2012, G4S plc’s subsidiary, G4S Secure Solutions (UK) Limited, acquired Chubb Emergency Response from the Company. In July 2012, it acquired Goodrich Corporation. In August 2012, the Company completed the divestiture of its Clipper Windpower unit to Platinum Equity.
During the year ended December 31, 2011, its commercial and industrial sales (generated principally by its commercial businesses) were approximately 58% of its consolidated net sales, and commercial aerospace and military aerospace sales were approximately 22% and 20%, respectively, of its consolidated net sales. Sales for 2011 from outside the United States, including United States export sales, were 61% of its total segment sales. On September 28, 2011, it announced a new organizational structure, which combines Carrier and UTC Fire & Security into a new segment called UTC Climate, Controls & Security. As part of this new organizational structure, the Company also created UTC Propulsion & Aerospace Systems, a new organization consisting of Pratt & Whitney and Hamilton Sundstrand.
Otis is a elevator and escalator manufacturing, installation and service company. Otis designs, manufactures, sells and installs a wide range of passenger and freight elevators for low-, medium- and high-speed applications, as well as a line of escalators and moving walkways. In addition to new equipment, Otis provides modernization products to upgrade elevators and escalators, as well as maintenance and repair services for both its products and those of other manufacturers. Otis serves customers in the commercial and residential property industries around the world. Otis sells directly to the end customer and through sales representatives and distributors.
Carrier is a provider of heating, ventilating, air conditioning (HVAC) and refrigeration solutions, including controls for residential, commercial, industrial and transportation applications. Carrier’s products and services are sold under Carrier and other brand names to building contractors and owners, homeowners, transportation companies, retail stores and food service companies. Through its venture with Watsco, Inc., Carrier distributes Carrier, Bryant, Payne and Totaline residential and light commercial HVAC products in the United States and selected territories in the Caribbean and Latin America. Carrier sells directly to end customers and through manufacturers’ representatives, distributors, wholesalers, dealers and retail outlets.
UTC Fire & Security
UTC Fire & Security is a global provider of security and fire safety products and services. UTC Fire & Security provides electronic security products, such as intruder alarms, access control systems and video surveillance systems and designs and manufactures a range of fire safety products, including specialty hazard detection and fixed suppression products, portable fire extinguishers, fire detection and life safety systems, and other firefighting equipment. Services provided to the electronic security and fire safety industries include systems integration, video surveillance, installation, maintenance and inspection services. UTC Fire & Security also provides monitoring, response and security personnel services, including cash-in-transit security, to complement its electronic security and fire safety businesses.
In 2011, it continued to exit non-core businesses with the divestiture of its United Kingdom and Singapore guarding businesses. UTC Fire & Security products and services are used by governments, financial institutions, architects, building owners and developers, security and fire consultants, homeowners and other end-users requiring a high level of security and fire protection for their businesses and residences. UTC Fire & Security provides its products and services under Kidde and other brand names and sells directly to the customer as well as through manufacturer representatives, distributors, dealers and United States retail distribution.
Pratt & Whitney
Pratt & Whitney is a supplier of aircraft engines for the commercial, military, business jet and general aviation markets. Pratt & Whitney Global Services provides maintenance, repair and overhaul services, including the sale of spare parts, as well as fleet management services for large commercial engines. Pratt & Whitney produces families of engines for wide- and narrow-body aircraft in the commercial market and for fighter and transport aircraft in the military market. Pratt & Whitney Canada (P&WC) is in the production of engines powering business, regional, light jet, utility and military airplanes and helicopters and provides related maintenance, repair and overhaul services, including the sale of spare parts, as well as fleet management services. Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne (PWR) is in the design, development and manufacture of space propulsion systems for military and commercial applications. Pratt & Whitney Power Systems sells aero-derivative engines for industrial applications.
At December 31, 2011, the interests of third party participants in Pratt & Whitney-directed commercial jet engine programs ranged from 14% to 48%. In addition, Pratt & Whitney has interests in other engine programs, including the IAE International Aero Engines AG (IAE) collaboration, which sells and supports V2500 engines for the Airbus A320 family of aircraft. On October 12, 2011, Pratt & Whitney and Rolls-Royce plc (Rolls-Royce), a participant in the IAE collaboration, announced an agreement to restructure their interests in IAE. Under the terms of the agreement, Rolls-Royce will sell its interests in IAE and license its V2500 intellectual property in IAE to Pratt & Whitney. Also, on October 12, 2011, Pratt & Whitney and Rolls-Royce announced an agreement to form a new joint venture, in which each will hold an equal share, to develop new engines to power the next generation of 120 to 230 passenger mid-size aircraft that will replace the existing fleet of mid-size aircraft in service or in development. With this new joint venture, Pratt & Whitney and Rolls-Royce will focus on high-bypass ratio geared turbofan technology, as well as collaborate on future studies of next generation propulsion systems. Pursuant to the agreement, the formation of this new venture is subject to regulatory approvals and other closing conditions, including completion of the restructuring of the parties’ interests in IAE. Pratt & Whitney also has a 50% ownership interest in the Engine Alliance (EA), a joint venture with GE Aviation, which markets and manufactures the GP7000 engine for the Airbus A380 aircraft. Pratt & Whitney has entered into risk and revenue sharing arrangements with third parties for 40% of the content that Pratt & Whitney is responsible for providing to the EA. Pratt & Whitney accounts for its interests in the EA joint venture under the equity method of accounting. Pratt & Whitney continues to pursue additional collaboration partners.
Pratt & Whitney is under contract with the United States Air Force to develop the F135 engine, a derivative of Pratt & Whitney’s F119 engine, to power the single-engine F-35 Lightning II aircraft being developed by Lockheed Martin. Pratt & Whitney achieved initial service release for the conventional take-off and landing/carrier variant and short take-off and vertical landing variant of the F135 engine in February 2010 and January 2011, respectively. In September 2011, Pratt & Whitney announced a new collaboration with Japan Aero Engines Corporation (JAEC) and MTU Aero Engines AG (MTU) to provide the PurePower PW1100G-JM engine for the Airbus A320neo program. Under the collaboration agreement, MTU will hold an 18% interest and be responsible for the engine’s low pressure turbine and participate jointly with Pratt & Whitney to provide the high pressure compressor for the engine. JAEC will hold a 23% share and be responsible for the engine fan, low pressure compressor and combustor/diffuser. Pratt & Whitney will be responsible for the remainder of the PurePower PW1100G-JM engine and systems integration. Additionally, PurePower PW1000G engine models have been selected by Bombardier to power the new CSeries passenger aircraft and by Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation to power the new Mitsubishi Regional Jet (MRJ), scheduled to enter into service in 2013 and 2014, respectively. In 2011, the initial production version of the Bombardier CSeries PurePower PW1000G engine successfully completed 115 hours of flight testing and the initial production version of the MRJ PurePower PW1000G engine successfully completed over 300 hours of ground testing. Pratt & Whitney’s products are sold principally to aircraft manufacturers, airlines and other aircraft operators, aircraft leasing companies, space launch vehicle providers and the U.S. and foreign governments.
Hamilton Sundstrand is a supplier of technologically advanced aerospace and industrial products and aftermarket services for diversified industries worldwide. Hamilton Sundstrand’s aerospace products, such as power generation, management and distribution systems, flight control systems, engine control systems, environmental control systems, fire protection and detection systems, auxiliary power units and propeller systems, serve commercial, military, regional, business and general aviation, as well as military ground vehicle, space and undersea applications. Aftermarket services include spare parts, overhaul and repair, engineering and technical support and fleet maintenance programs. Hamilton Sundstrand sells aerospace products to airframe manufacturers, the United States and foreign governments, aircraft operators and independent distributors.
Hamilton Sundstrand is engaged in development programs for the Boeing 787 aircraft, the Bombardier CSeries aircraft, the Mitsubishi Regional Jet, the Airbus A350 aircraft, the Irkut MC-21 aircraft, the COMAC C919 aircraft, the CH-53K next generation heavy lift helicopter for the U.S. Marine Corps and the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II military aircraft and the Airbus A400M military aircraft. Hamilton Sundstrand is also the operations support prime contractor for NASA’s space suit/life support system and produces environmental monitoring and control, life support, mechanical systems, power generation, management, and distribution and thermal control systems for the International Space Station and the Orion crew exploration vehicle. Hamilton Sundstrand’s principal industrial products, such as air compressors, metering pumps and heavy duty process pumps, serve industries involved with chemical and hydrocarbon processing, oil and gas production, water and wastewater treatment and construction. Hamilton Sundstrand sells these products under the Sullair, Sundyne, Milton Roy and other brand names directly to end users, and through manufacturer representatives and distributors.
Sikorsky is a helicopter company. Sikorsky manufactures military and commercial helicopters and also provides aftermarket helicopter and aircraft parts and services. Its production programs at Sikorsky include the UH-60M Black Hawk medium-transport helicopters and HH-60M Medevac helicopters for the United States and foreign governments, the S-70 Black Hawk for foreign governments, the MH-60S and MH-60R helicopters for the United States Navy, the International Naval Hawk for multiple naval missions, and the S-76 and S-92 helicopters for commercial operations. The UH-60M helicopter is the latest and in a series of Black Hawk variants that Sikorsky has been delivering to the United States Army since 1978.
Sikorsky is developing the CH-53K next generation heavy lift helicopter for the U.S. Marine Corps and the CH-148 derivative of the H-92 helicopter, a military variant of the S-92 helicopter, for the Canadian government.Sikorsky’s aftermarket business includes spare parts sales, overhaul and repair services, maintenance contracts and logistics support programs for helicopters and other aircraft. Sales are principally made to the United States and foreign governments, and commercial helicopter operators. Sikorsky is increasingly engaging in logistics support programs and partnering with its government and commercial customers to manage and provide logistics, maintenance and repair services.
UTC Power is engaged in the application of fuel cell technology for stationary and transportation applications. UTC Power began delivery of its newly-designed 400 kilowatts phosphoric acid fuel cell. To date, UTC Power has delivered more than 50 of these 400 kilowatts units to customers worldwide. UTC Power’s automotive and bus transportation fuel cell power plants are based on proton exchange membrane (PEM) technology. PureMotion 120 power plants are used in revenue service in transit bus applications in Connecticut, California and Europe. UTC Power is developing PEM fuel cells for submarine applications.
The Company competes with GE Aviation, Rolls-Royce, Honeywell and Turbomeca.